Geometria Complessa e Geometria Differenziale
Geometria Complessa e Geometria Differenziale
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S. Panja - S. Prasad

The image of polynomials and Waring type problems on upper triangular matrix algebras

created by prasad on 01 Dec 2023



Inserted: 1 dec 2023
Last Updated: 1 dec 2023

Year: 2022

ArXiv: 2206.08827 PDF


Let $p$ be a polynomial in non-commutative variables $x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n$ with constant term zero over an algebraically closed field $K$. The object of study in this paper is the image of this kind of polynomial over the algebra of upper triangular matrices $T_m(K)$. We introduce a family of polynomials called multi-index $p$-inductive polynomials for a given polynomial $p$. Using this family we will show that, if $p$ is a polynomial identity of $T_t(K)$ but not of $T_{t+1}(K)$, then $p \left(T_m(K)\right)\subseteq T_m(K)^{(t-1)}$. Equality is achieved in the case $t=1,~m-1$ and an example has been provided to show that equality does not hold in general. We further prove existence of $d$ such that each element of $T_m(K)^{(t-1)}$ can be written as sum of $d$ many elements of $p\left( T_m(K) \right)$. It has also been shown that the image of $T_m(K)^\times$ under a word map is Zariski dense in $T_m(K)^\times$.

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