Geometria Complessa e Geometria Differenziale
Geometria Complessa e Geometria Differenziale
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D. Alekseevsky - J. Gutt - G. Manno - G. Moreno

Lowest degree invariant 2nd order PDEs over rational homogeneous contact manifolds

created by moreno on 03 Oct 2017

[BibTeX]

Accepted Paper

Inserted: 3 oct 2017
Last Updated: 3 oct 2017

Journal: Communications in Contemporary Mathematics
Year: 2017
Links: arXiv version

Abstract:

For each simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (excluding, for trivial reasons, type $C$) we find the lowest possible degree of an invariant 2nd order PDE over the adjoint variety in $\mathbb{P}\mathfrak{g}$, a homogeneous contact manifold. Here a PDE $F(x^i,u,u_i,u_{ij})=0$ has degree $\le d$ if $F$ is a polynomial of degree $\le d$ in the minors of $(u_{ij})$, with coefficients functions of the contact coordinates $x^i$, $u$, $u_i$ (e.g., Monge-Ampere equations have degree 1). For $\mathfrak{g}$ of type $A$ or $G_2$ we show that this gives all invariant 2nd order PDEs. For $\mathfrak{g}$ of type $B$ and $D$ we provide an explicit formula for the lowest-degree invariant 2nd order PDEs. For $\mathfrak{g}$ of type $E$ and $F_4$ we prove uniqueness of the lowest-degree invariant 2nd order PDE; we also conjecture that uniqueness holds in type $D$.

Tags: MSC2014-GEOGRAL
Keywords: simple Lie algebras, adjoint variety, Lagrangian Grassmannian, second order PDEs, symmetries of PDEs, invariant theory

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